Neurofeedback Research

Neurofeedback has shown to be an effective approach to many brain-based disorders.


Published in the Journal of Child Psychology and Psychiatry

This study follows results from 102 children between the ages of 8 and 12. The results are definitive, and the authors conclude that neurofeedback provides a “clinically superior result for ADHD symptoms.”

Authors: Holger Gevensleben  Birgit Holl  Björn Albrecht  Claudia Vogel  Dieter Schlamp  Oliver Kratz  Petra Studer  Aribert Rothenberger  Gunther H. Moll  Hartmut Heinrich



Nada Pop-Jordanova, Tatjana Zorcec, Aneta Demerdzieva, Zoran Gucev Pop-Jordanova et al. Nonlinear Biomedical Physics 2010

Autistic spectrum disorders are a group of neurological and developmental disorders associated with social, communication, sensory, behavioral, and cognitive impairments and restricted, repetitive patterns of behavior, activities, or interests. The aim of this study was a) to analyze QEEG findings of autistic patients and to compare the results with data base, and b) to introduce the calculation of spectrum weighted frequency (brain rate) as an indicator of general mental arousal in these patients. Results: Results for Q-EEG show generally increased delta-theta activity in the brain’s frontal region. Changes in the QEEG pattern appeared to be in a non-linear correlation with maturational processes. The brain rate measured in CZ shows slow brain activity (5. 86), which is significantly lower than normal and corresponds to low general mental arousal. Recent research has shown that autistic disorders are the basis disturbances of neural connectivity. Neurofeedback seems capable of remediating such disturbances when these data are considered part of treatment planning. Conclusions: The prognosis of this pervasive disorder depends on the intellectual abilities: the better intellectual functioning, the possibilities for life adaptation are higher QEEG shows generally increased delta-theta activity in the frontal region of the brain, which is related to poor cognitive abilities. Brain rate measured in CZ shows slow brain activity related to under arousal. Pharmacotherapy, behavior therapy, social support and especially neurofeedback techniques promise slight improvements.

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Anxiety And Depression

In evaluating the studies in the overall broad area of the neurofeedback treatment of anxiety disorders, EEG biofeedback (neurofeedback) qualifies for the evidence-based designation of being an efficacious treatment. EEG biofeedback is an exciting, cutting-edge technology that offers an additional treatment alternative for modifying dysfunctional, biologic brain patterns that are associated with various psychiatric conditions

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Deborah A Stokes, Martha S Lappin Behavioral and Brain Functions 2010, 6:9

Traditional peripheral biofeedback has grade A evidence for effectively treating migraines. Two newer forms of neurobiofeedback, EEG biofeedback, and hemoencephalography biofeedback were combined with thermal handwarming biofeedback to treat 37 migraineurs in a clinical outpatient setting. Methods: 37 migraine patients underwent an average of 40 neurofeedback sessions combined with thermal biofeedback in an outpatient biofeedback clinic. All patients were on at least one type of medication for migraine; preventive, abortive, or rescue. Patients kept daily headache diaries a minimum of two weeks before treatment and throughout treatment, showing symptom frequency, severity, duration, and medications used. Treatments have been conducted an average of three times weekly over an average span of 6 months. Headache diaries were examined after treatment, and a formal interview was conducted. After an average of 14.5 months following treatment, a formal interview was conducted to ascertain the duration of treatment effects.

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First published in Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback, A single-blind study using Z-score analysis showed that the following neurofeedback, “all participants were normal sleepers.”


For many other studies:

The International Society for Neurofeedback and Research maintains a comprehensive bibliography of research articles discussing conditions that are positively affected by neurofeedback by D. Corydon Hammond, Ph.D., Professor, Physical Medicine & Rehabilitation, University of Utah School of Medicine, and D. Allen Novian, Ph.D., LMFT, LPC-S, Adjunct Professor, Neurofeedback and Biofeedback, St. Mary’s University. ISNR also has an editorial in defense of EEG biofeedback.

The Association for Applied Psychophysiology and Biofeedback published Evidence-Based Practice in Biofeedback and Neurofeedback (3rd ed.), which provides the most comprehensive and up-to-date evidence-based and neuroscientifically supported information on the subject. They also have more information for consumers.